Common Musculoskeletal Conditions
Musculoskeletal Disorders, known as MSDs, include more than 150 diagnoses of injuries and disorders that affect the human body’s movement resulting in pain, restricted mobility, and reduced strength.
Arthritis is a generic term used to describe joint swelling, not a specific disease. Joints are areas of the body where bones meet, and they move upon one another. There are several conditions (over 100) that may cause swelling of a joint.
Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa. Bursa are described as small flat sacs with a small amount of fluid in them. They are naturally located in our bodies in areas where friction is likely to occur from motion. Their job is to aid in reducing friction from motion by allowing differing components of our anatomy to efficiently slide and glide around each other.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
Carpal tunnel syndrome is usually a result of compression/pressure on a nerve in your wrist. This compression may lead to feelings of pain, numbness or tingling in some of the fingers or in the palm of the hand.
Hip pain is described as discomfort in upper part of the thighbone (femur) where it connects with the pelvis. Some people may say they have hip pain and further explain they feel it in the gluteal region or the low back.
Low Back Pain
Low back pain (lumbago) is very common and is usually caused by issues with the musculoskeletal system in the region. Included in the musculoskeletal system are muscles, fascia, compressed nerves, bone or joint disorders.
The name plantar fasciitis tells us where and what the problem is. Plantar refers to the sole of the foot and fasciitis is inflammation of fascia. Fascia is the connective tissue surrounding muscles, nerves and blood vessels.
Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
Shoulder Impingement syndrome is a condition of the shoulder that includes several other diagnoses including subacromial bursitis and rotator cuff tendinitis. We commonly hear these referred to as pitcher’s shoulder, swimmer’s shoulder or rotator cuff tear.
Tendinitis is defined as swelling of a tendon. Tendons are the thickened, fibrous end pieces of muscles which allow them to attach to bones. Tendons often have a covering surrounding them called a synovial sheath. This sheath helps hydrate the tendon. In some cases this sheath becomes inflamed and compresses the tendon causing pain and decreased motion. This condition is known as tenosynovitis and may feel similar to and have the same symptoms as tendinitis.
The diagnostic name for tennis elbow is lateral epicondylitis. The lateral epicondyle is a bony landmark on the outside of the arm bone, at the elbow joint. The “itis” added to the base word epicondyle indicates there is some type of inflammatory process that has occurred at that location.